Citizen Security

COLD war security citizen-by: Enrique Hugo Muller Solon as we remember was called cold war confrontation which existed between United States and the Soviet Union between 1945 end of World War II, until the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989. This confrontation took place at levels political, ideological, economic, technological, military and informative. None of the two blocks never took direct military action against the other, reason why it was called the cold war conflict. The matter would not have greater significance, if it wasn’t for this foreign concept, gave rise to a rigid doctrine of national, adopted by many countries, including the Peru and defence force incredibly until our days, in other words, despite having finished making more than 20 years the cold war, we lack a genuine national security doctrine, and we continue to see security in terms of enemies internal and external enemies that threaten against the stability of the State. To persist the concepts underpinning this doctrine and structures builds a notion of security completely alien to the life of human beings and the needs of ordinary citizens. This obsolete concept leaves aside the legitimate concerns of ordinary people seeking to have security in their daily lives, giving priority to the concerns and intentions of the State according to their particular interests.

What is more serious, is that the authorities continue to answer to the problems that affect the coexistence and citizen security, based on principles and assumptions of this doctrine of national security, centralizing excessively in the Executive power (Ministry of the Interior) responsibilities to fight internal enemies, who today are not functional, not knowing that the manifestations of insecurity have local characteristics. In this way, is preserved in institutions, such as the national police, isolated community structures and these problems are addressed with optical eminently police, without recognizing the causality of the same and the need to give comprehensive answers, which must be the active participation of local authorities, of a very priority of mayors, with whom indisputably, these responsibilities should be shared. Something that does not happen in practice. In parallel, we see the Executive Branch tried to enter a new cold war in its national version, the cold war security citizen, facing both sides, the national police and the local authorities rather than contribute to recognize the local authority as a leader of the citizen security, giving you all the advice and technical support that require assume driving policies and strategies most appropriate to the problem of local insecurityas it is already legislated.